Multitrack publish and play with AMS
WebRTC multitrack lets us stream multiple audio and video tracks through a single WebRTC connection. In order to use the Multitrack feature, the SDP semantic should be set to Unified Plan which is also set by default in AMS v2.4.3 and above.
With multitrack streams, you can play different groups of streams with a single broadcast ID. Then, you can start playing those groups of streams with one play request and, most importantly, through a single WebRTC connection, which decreases resource usage as well.
Terminologies related to multitrack
Main track: Stream Id of a group is referred to as the main track. Sub track: The streams in a group with different stream Ids are referred to as subtracks.
To combine the broadcasts into a single broadcast (main track), publish the streams as shown below.
- When calling the publish method of the webrtcAdaptor in the SDK, pass the group ID as
mainTrack. The URL for the WebRTC sample page will be as follows:
- You must use the following URL for RTMP streams:
Publishing multitrack streams
Let's publish a stream to the sample WebRTCAppEE application with streamId=video and group ID (mainTrack) as main.
Now, as needed, publish streams with different audio subtracks.
Assume you have two audio tracks with the stream IDs audio1 and audio2.
Playing multitrack streams
Multitrack streams can be played with the sample page, multitrackplayer.html
- Write the group ID in the text box
- Request the sub-tracks by clicking the
- Select the tracks you want to play and click the
- If a new subtrack is added to the group, it will be played automatically
You can enable or disable the video/audio feed for a sub-track with the
enableTrack(mainTrackId, trackId, enabled) methods in the webrtc-adaptor SDK.
conference.html is a sample conference page that is compatible with multitrack playback.
mainTrack (group ID) will be the same as the room Id. For example, in the above-described case, the mainTrack is main, so it will be the room Id.
You can also join the room in
playOnly mode using the following URL:.
The play request for the room Id is only called once in a Multitrack conference.
By default, there is no limit on audio and video tracks, so each participant can play other participants videos, which increases CPU load on the server side. In order to optimize the performance, you can limit the audio and video tracks by adding the below settings to the /usr/local/antmedia/webapps/App-Name/WEB-INF/red5-web.properties file.
Please change the values as per your requirements and restart the server after making changes. In version 2.6.2 and above, all settings can be changed from the dashboard itself. Please check here.
The Media Pull feature empowers users to add any external stream present on AMS to an ongoing conference room. With this capability, users can dynamically add or remove streams during a conference using the REST API.
For instance, you can add an IP camera pull stream to your conference and then remove it as desired. Media pull functionality is versatile and applicable to any type of live broadcast on AMS.
To test the media pull feature, first create a conference room and join it as a participant.
Go to the conference sample page and join the conference room.
Type a room name and note it because we will use it while adding/removing external streams. Click the join room button.
After joining a room, 2 broadcasts will be created on the server.
- Room Broadcast (Main track)
- Participant Broadcast (Sub track of room broadcast)
Observe that both broadcasts are created on a web panel.
Now go to the WebRTC publish sample page to publish the individual stream.
external_stream streamId is broadcasting on the Ant Media Server.
Now that our external stream is live on the Ant Media Server, it's time to add it to our conference room through the REST API.
It's important to note that each participant in a conference room corresponds to a subtrack in the room broadcast object. Therefore, we will add our external stream to the subtrack list of our room broadcast object, so that the external stream becomes visible in the conference room.
To add our external stream to our conference room, we will use add SubTrack Rest API.
Send a POST request with the streamId of the conference room broadcast
(room1) and streamId of the external broadcast
(external_stream) you would like to add to the conference room.
Here is the Curl Sample:
curl -X 'POST' 'http(s)://AMS-domain:port/AppName/rest/v2/broadcasts/RoomName/subtrack?id=external-streamId' -H 'accept: application/json'
As soon as you receive success, you should observe that an external stream is added to the conference room.
To remove the external stream from the conference room, we will use remove SubTrack Rest API.
Here is the Curl Sample:
curl -X 'DELETE' 'http(s)://AMS-domain:port/AppName/rest/v2/broadcasts/RoomName/subtrack?id=external-streamId' -H 'accept: application/json'
As soon as you receive success, you should observe that the external stream is removed from the conference room.